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SOURCE:   Almanac of Modern Science and Education. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. № 4. P. 40-44.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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ANALYSIS OF MILITARY-POLITICAL SITUATION ON THE WESTERN BORDERS OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE MIDDLE OF THE XVIII CENTURY

Benda Vladimir Nikolaevich
Pushkin Leningrad State University bvn.1962@mail.ru


Abstract. The article analyzes the military and political situation that prevailed on the western and north-western borders of Russia in the middle of the XVIII century, before the start of the Seven Years’ War. Particular attention is paid to the geopolitical tasks, which were solved by the European states that formed a part of one or another opposing coalition. The author also emphasizes the fact that some countries of Western Europe, despite their alliance commitments to Russia, carried out dual policy in relation to it.
Key words and phrases: вторая половина XVIII в, Россия, Пруссия, Австрия, Франция, Англия, Елизавета Петровна, Фридрих II, военно-политическая обстановка, внешняя политика, the second half of the XVIII century, Russia, Prussia, Austria, France, England, Elizaveta Petrovna, Frederick II, military-political situation, foreign policy.
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