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SOURCE:    Almanac of Modern Science and Education. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. № 10. P. 50-53.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Historical Sciences and Archeology
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Nikitin Dmitrii Igorevich
Chelyabinsk Institute of Teachers’ Professional Retraining and Further Development

Abstract. The article analyzes the main directions of policy to attract labour force to enterprises of coal industry in the 1940-1960s, which was carried out in the Polish People’s Republic. Problems with increasing coal mining at the end of the 1940s forced the state to resort to the use of forced labour and the introduction of overtime. All this led to social discontent growth and personnel shortage in the industry that was solved at the end of the 1950s by reorientation to material encouragement and raising the attractiveness of miner’s labor.
Key words and phrases: история Польши, угольная промышленность, мобилизационная экономика, рабочая сила, советско-польские отношения, Совет экономической взаимопомощи, history of Poland, coal industry, mobilization economy, workforce, Soviet-Polish relations, Council for Mutual Economic Assistance
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