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SOURCE:   Almanac of Modern Science and Education. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. № 2. P. 11-18.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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MACHINE-TRACTOR STATIONS OF THE REPUBLICS OF THE VOLGA-VYATKA ECONOMIC REGION AT THE BEGINNING OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR (1941-1943)

Vasil'eva Svetlana Ivanovna
Bauman Moscow State Technical University


Abstract. The article describes various aspects of the activity of the machine-tractor stations (MTS) of the autonomous republics of the Volga-Vyatka economic region at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War (1941-1943). Particular attention is paid to the process of the restructuring of the work of the MTS of the region in the conditions of the war; carrying out the measures to mobilize and maximize the use of all the production reserves in order to maintain the machine-tractor fleet in workable condition; difficulties and challenges in the solution of these problems and their negative impact on the operating results of the MTS of the region; the restructuring of all the work on a war footing, the maximum use of all the available production reserves, the negative impact of the war on the performance of the MTS of the republics.
Key words and phrases: машинно-тракторные станции, автономные республики Волго-Вятского экономического региона, мобилизация резервов производства, сбор запасных частей к тракторам и сельскохозяйственным машинам, экономия горюче-смазочных материалов, ремонтная база, машинно-тракторный парк, дефицит ресурсов, machine-tractor stations, autonomous republics of the Volga-Vyatka economic region, mobilization of production reserves, collection of spare parts for tractors and agricultural machines, economy of fuels and lubricants, repair base, machine-tractor fleet, resource shortage.
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