Abstract. The article is devoted to the issue of the reclamation of the overflow lands and estuaries of the Kuban-Protoka interfluve for rice cultivation. The author examines the history of the construction of Petrovskaya-Anastasievskaya irrigation system - one of the largest irrigation systems of the Kuban region - and the beginning of work on designing and building Chernoerkovskaya rice irrigation system. Draining the cis-Azov region overflow lands in the second half of the XX century not only allowed increasing the area of the irrigated lands tenfold, but also gave a stimulus to the appearance of new inhabited localities on the map of Slavyansk district, which had developed from the towns of the virgin lands workers and rice growers.
Key words and phrases: Петровско-Анастасиевская оросительная система, Черноерковская рисовая оросительная система, мелиорация, Приазовские плавни, рисосеяние, Petrovskaya-Anastasievskaya irrigation system, Chernoerkovskaya rice irrigation system, melioration, the cis-Azov region overflow lands, rice cultivation