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SOURCE:    Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2012. № 2. Part 1. P. 24-28.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Culturology
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EUROPEAN CULTURE CRISIS AT THE TURN OF THE XIXTH-XXTH CENTURIES AS NEW ART DETERMINANT IN J. ORTEGA Y GASSET'S CULTUROLOGICAL DOCTRINE

Artem'ev Aleksei Ivanovich
Academy of Culture, Art and Tourism Workers Retraining in Moscow


Abstract. The author analyzes the connection of the culture crisis at the turn of the XIXth-XXth centuries and New Art phenomenon within the framework of the Spanish philosopher J. Ortega y Gasset's culturological doctrine, pays special attention to the reasons, as well as the typology of crisis subjects, and considers New Art as the reaction to the culture antigen -man-mass domination.
Key words and phrases: элита, масса, человек-масса, дегуманизация искусства, восстание масс, кризис европейской культуры, elite, mass, man-mass, dehumanization of art, uprising of masses, European culture crisis
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References:
  1. Gaidenko P. P. Khose Ortega-i-Gasset i ego "Vosstanie mass" // Voprosy filosofii. 1989. № 4. S. 155-169.
  2. Davydov Yu. N. Iskusstvo i elita // Davydov Yu. N. Trud i iskusstvo: izbrannye sochineniya / sost. V. V. Sapov. M.: Astrel', 2008. 670 s.
  3. Dolgov K. M. Khose Ortega-i-Gasset: degumanizatsiya kul'tury // Dolgov K. M. Ot Kirkegora do Kamyu: filosofiya, estetika, kul'tura. M.: Kanon+; ROOI "Reabilitatsiya", 2011. S. 131-176.
  4. Kara-Murza S. G. Krizis kul'tury [Elektronnyi resurs] // Russkii dom. 2002. № 10. URL: http://www.russdom.ru/oldsayte/2002/200210i/20021011.html (data obrashcheniya: 21.11.2011).
  5. Sidorina T. Yu. Filosofiya krizisa: uchebnoe posobie. M.: Flinta; Nauka, 2003.
  6. Marias J. Introduccion // Ortega y Gasset J. La rebelion de las masas. Madrid: Espasa Libros, 2010. P. 9-32.
  7. Ortega y Gasset J. El hombre y la gente // Ortega y Gasset J. Obras completes. Madrid: Revista de oxidente, 1966. T. 7. P. 71-271.
  8. Ortega y Gasset J. Espana invertebrada // Ibidem. T. 3. P. 37-128.
  9. Ortega y Gasset J. La deshumanizacion del arte // Ibidem. P. 353-386.
  10. Ortega y Gasset J. La rebelion de las masas // Ibidem. T. 4. P. 113-306.
  11. Ortega y Gasset J. Musicalia // Ibidem. T. 2. P. 235-244.
  12. Ortega y Gasset J. Sobre el punto de vista en las artes // Ibidem. T. 4. P. 443-457.
  13. Ortega y Gasset J. Tiempo, distancia u forma en el arte de Proust // Ibidem. T. 2. P. 701-709.

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