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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2012. № 6. Part 2. P. 156-159.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philosophical Sciences
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FREEDOM NOTION AND INITIAL INCLINATION TO EVIL IN KANT'S PHILOSOPHY

Protopopov Ivan Alekseevich
St. Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrument Engineering


Abstract. The author analyzes the notion of evil in Kant's philosophy. The German thinker believes that every person is initially inclined to accept evil by his nature. Kant finds the main reason of evil in such disposition to it, which is inherent in every man as the free subject of all moral evil maxims. This freedom expresses the highest human nature that is determined by such activity of our practical mind, in accordance with which we choose for ourselves the universal law of kindness or evil maxims opposed to it.
Key words and phrases: понятие зла, свобода, человек как субъект всех злых максим, практический разум, всеобщий закон добра, evil notion, freedom, man as all evil maxims subject, practical mind, universal law of kindness.
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References:
  1. Kant I. Kritika prakticheskogo razuma // Kant I. Sobr. soch.: v 8-mi t. M.: Choro, 1994. T. 4. C. 373-565.
  2. Kant I. Osnovopolozheniya metafiziki nravov // Kant I. Sobr. soch.: v 8-mi t. M.: Choro, 1994. T. 4. C. 153-246.
  3. Kant I. Religiya v predelakh tol'ko razuma // Kant I. Sobr. soch.: v 8-mi t. M.: Choro, 1994. T. 6. C. 5-222.
  4. Timofeev A. I. Issledovanie osnovanii bytiya cheloveka v klassicheskoi nemetskoi filosofii. SPb.: SPbGUAP, 2000. 261 s.

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