TWO TYUTCHEV’S POEMS ABOUT POPE OF ROME AND PRINCIPLE OF CONSCIENCE FREEDOM
Matakov Konstantin Anatol'evich
Bryansk State University named after academician I. G. Petrovsky
Abstract. The article reveals the Russian poet F. I. Tyutchev’s views on conscience freedom problem in connection with two his poems devoted to the head of the Catholic Church. It is emphasized that Tyutchev’s position was critical towards traditional Catholicism denying conscience freedom. At the same time the question is raised: how the poet and philosopher himself admitted conscience freedom in the modern sense of the word? And the answer must be negative: Tyutchev as a thinker of the Russian Orthodox empire didn’t admit conscience freedom himself in modern liberal humanism interpretation.
Key words and phrases: Папа Римский, католичество, цензура, свобода совести, Церковь, Pope of Rome, Catholicism, censorship, conscience freedom, Church
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