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SOURCE:    Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2013. № 2. Part 1. P. 142-145.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Sociological Sciences
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Novozhilova Elena Olegovna
St. Petersburg State University

Abstract. The author postulates the spiritual reasons of the current ecological crisis, analyzes the ideas of Francis Bacon, Rene Descartes and John Locke, who developed the mechanistic picture of the world and laid the rational foundations of instrumental approach to nature, describes the history of sustainable development conception, considers the key ideas of Aldo Leopold, who rethought economic development in the light of ecology, and discusses the practical feasibility of sustainable development principles.
Key words and phrases: мировоззрение Нового времени, Фрэнсис Бэкон, Рене Декарт, Джон Локк, утилитарный подход к природе, устойчивее развитие, Джон Мур, Гиффорд Пинчот, Олдо Леопольд, worldview of early modern period, Francis Bacon, Rene Descartes, John Locke, utilitarian appro
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