VALAAM MONASTERY AS ECCLESIASTICAL CONVICTS CORRECTION PLACE
Suslov Andrei Vladimirovich
Orthodox St. Tikhon Classical University
Abstract. The author considers Valaam monastery history, reveals one of the serious problems of this cloister in the middle of the XIX th century, related to ecclesiastical convicts and penalized persons, who were kept in the monastery. Exiled penance prisoners were sent to Valaam with the purpose of their correction, but they extremely negatively influenced the monastic brethren and pilgrims. Father Superior Benjamin and then Father Superior Damascene tried to free the cloister they headed from these prisoners. In the end, Damascene’s persistent efforts, supported by archimandrite Ignatius (Brynchaninov), were crowned with success. The Church authority, having considered the problems caused by the penance prisoners, made a decision favourable for the monastery. This reseach can help avoid repeating the negative expierence of using the monastery as a correctional institution.
Key words and phrases: Валаамский монастырь, игумен Дамаскин, дисциплинарные проблемы в монастыре, подначальные, ссыльные лица, расследование конфликтов, Valaam monastery, Father Superior Damascene, disciplinary problems in monastery, ecclesiastical convicts, exiles, inquest of
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