Simonov Konstantin Viktorovich Voronezh State Institute of Physical Culture
Abstract. The author, basing on the little-known documents of the Russian Empire Foreign Policy Archive, studies one of the most important stages in the history of the Russian-Afghan relations at the beginning of the last century. The tsarist authorities sought the political inviolability of Afghanistan, the better access of the Russian goods into its borders, and the normalization of the relations at the frontier. As St. Petersburg authorities didn’t get their wish, they began to make plans to divide Afghanistan into the spheres of influence between Russia and Great Britain, and even considered the possibility of local military operation within Afghan territory.