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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2013. № 6. Part 2. P. 132-137.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Sociological Sciences
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THE EURASIAN NOMADISM PHENOMENON IN SOCIAL-HISTORICAL ECOLOGY

Novozhilova Elena Olegovna
St. Petersburg State University


Abstract. The author presents the ecological explanation of nomadism phenomenon, tells that the nomads are characterized by a unique culture, which was formed as a stable complex for adaptation to life in the steppe, mentions that the macro-parasitical model of relationship with settled neighbors for more than two millennia determined the course of history on the Eurasian continent, and served as a trigger for numerous migrations, and considers the phenomenon of the Eurasian nomadism in the subject area of social-historical ecology.
Key words and phrases: пастухи-кочевники, миграция, степная экология, адаптация, экологическое равновесие, макропаразитизм, nomadic shepherds, migration, ecology of steppe, adaptation, ecological balance, macro-parasitism.
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