"NEW WOMAN" AND GENDER CRISIS IN GREAT BRITAIN OF THE XIX TH-XX TH CENTURIES TURN
Metlova Tat'yana Andreevna
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Abstract. In the article the socio-cultural phenomenon of Great Britain of the XIX th-XX th centuries turn "new woman" is considered. Special attention is paid to the reconsideration of the Victorian conception of true femininity based on the idea of sexes complementarity and isolated spheres ideology, which are sharply criticized in discourse about new woman as artificial social constructs created by patriarchy society. The conclusion is made that new woman as a symbol of sex category destabilization and the elimination of strict borders between sexes that had existed before designated a gender crisis of the centuries turn.
Key words and phrases: новая женщина, гендерный кризис, феминистское движение, эмансипация, пол, брак, рубеж веков, new woman, gender crisis, feministic movement, emancipation, sex, marriage, centuries turn
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