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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2014. № 10. Part 3. P. 119-122.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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INFLUENCE OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR ON SOCIAL-ECONOMIC SITUATION OF ORENBURG PROVINCE

Laktyunkina Tat'yana Eduardovna
Orenburg State Pedagogical University


Abstract. The article considers the issue of the influence of the First World War on social-economic situation in Orenburg province. In this context the basic components of the economy of one of the major agrarian regions of Russia and the social status of the population are studied. The author pays particular attention to small commodity unprofessional production, which in wartime got some optimization of development. The mechanism of this process was the mobilization of this sector by the government and province military agencies to ensure the needs of the army at the lowest expenses of the treasury.
Key words and phrases: Оренбургская губерния, Первая мировая война, сельское хозяйство, промышленность, мелкотоварное кустарное производство, крестьянство, рабочие, Orenburg province, The First World War, agriculture, industry, small commodity unprofessional production, peasantry, workers.
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