IDEA OF TRADITION IN WORKS OF THE ENGLISH CONSERVATIVES
Zapuskalov Anton Mikhailovich M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University
Abstract. The article considers the role of tradition in the English conservative philosophy. The paper analyzes a range of problems the British conservatives took an interest in from the end of the XVIII century, when the ideological trend still had been developing, to the last quarter of the XX century. The author refers to the works of E. Burke, the founding father of conservatism, R. G. Collingwood, who analyzed the importance of investigating history for understanding tradition, and R. Scruton, the leader of "cultural conservatives", whose ideas influenced greatly the Anglo-Saxon political philosophy of the last quarter of the XX century.
Key words and phrases: консерватизм, Великобритания, традиция, культура, национализм, национальная идентичность, мораль, conservatism, Great Britain, tradition, culture, nationalism, national identity, morals.
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