INFORMAL RELATIONS (GUANXI) - MANIFESTATION OF CORRUPTIVE ACTIVITY OR CULTURAL SPECIFICITY OF CHINA?
Veselova Lyudmila Sergeevna
Saint Petersburg State University
Abstract. Informal relations (guanxi) are an integral part of the Chinese society. Despite globalization in cultural and spiritual sense, China differs significantly from Europe and America. Sometimes in the modern Chinese society this kind of relations is perceived negatively meaning corruption and bribery. In the first half of the XX century corruption and the inefficient system of state administration made a social-economic situation in the country worse and led to the downfall of the Qing dynasty. Having come into power the Communist Party of China tried to destroy the traditional Chinese family and the system of relations but after the beginning of the policy of reforms and openness in 1978 this system of relations became needed again. The goal of the article is to show the main differences between corruption and guanxi. For better understanding the author gives examples, which show clearly, what informal relations in the People’s Republic of China are.
Key words and phrases: неформальные связи, Китай, коррупция, блат, связи, informal relations, China, corruption, pull, connections
Open the whole article in PDF format. Free PDF-files viewer can be downloaded here.
Chen Khane. Eti porazitel'nye kitaitsy. M., 2006. 256 s.
Ho D. Y. F. On the Concept of Face // The American Journal of Sociology. 1976. Vol. 81. P. 867-884.
Hwang K. K. Foundations of Chinese Psychology. Confucian Social Relations. Taipei, 2012. 378 s.
Ledeneva A. V. Russia’s Economy of Favours: Blat, Networking and Informal Exchange. Cambridge University Press, 1998. 246 r.
Luo Y. Guanxi and Business // Asia-Pacific Business Series. 2000. Vol. 5. 342 p.
160,000 Penalized for Disciplinary Violations // National Bureau of Corruption Prevention of China [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: http://www.nbcp.gov.cn/article/English/Updates/201301/20130100020155.shtml (data obrashcheniya: 23.01.2014).
Social Connections in China: Institutions, Culture, and the Changing Nature of Guanxi / edited by T. Gold, D. Guthrie, D. Wank. Cambridge University Press, 2002. 275 p.
Yang M. M. Gifts, Favors, and Banquets: The Art of Social Relationships in China: The Art of Social Relationships and Exchange in China. University of California, Berkley, 1986. 384 p.
Zhu Y., Zhang A. M. Understanding Guanxi (Connections) from Business Leaders’ Perspectives // Business Communication Quarterly. 2007. Vol. 70. Issue 3. P. 385-389.