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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. № 11. Part 3. P. 75-78.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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PROTEST OF ORENBURG PEASANTRY AGAINST AGRARIAN AND FOOD POLICY OF SOVIET POWER AT THE TURN OF THE 1920-1930S

Kalduzova Violetta Aleksandrovna
Orenburg State Pedagogical University


Abstract. The article deals with the protest movement of Orenburg peasantry at the turn of the 1920-1930s. On the basis of previously unpublished archival documents the forms of passive and active resistance to carried out in the village grain procurement policy - methods, motives, and dynamics in number - are studied. The disappearing under the influence of external factors elements of mutual aid and community psychology of the peasantry are researched. The author concludes that the predominance of the motive to overcome food difficulties is the main for the peasantry, and notes that at this conjuncture peasant protest was a natural phenomenon.
Key words and phrases: крестьянство, пассивный протест, активное сопротивление, хлебозаготовки, крестьянский менталитет, слухи о войне, антисоветские лозунги, динамика крестьянских выступлений, peasantry, passive protest, active resistance, grain procurements, peasant mentality, rumors of war, anti-Soviet slogans, dynamics of peasant protests.
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