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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. № 3. Part 1. P. 48-51.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Law Sciences
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"SIN" AND "CRIME" AS CROSSING CONCEPTS IN NORMATIVE SOURCES OF ANCIENT INDIA

Beznosova Yana Viktorovna
Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod


Abstract. The article discusses correlation between concepts "sin" and "crime" in the ancient Indian ethical treatises - dharmasastra Manu and little-known in the Russian historical-legal science dharmasastras Yajnavalkya and Vishnu. The author offers several classifications of sins based on various reasons: the form of guilt, the degree of public danger, the order of the imposition and execution of redemption. On the basis of using comparative analysis, hermeneutics, contextual analysis, historical-legal analysis and other methods the author concludes that dharmasastras distinguished between sinful and criminal acts, however, this distinction was not absolute.
Key words and phrases: ачара, вьявахара, раджадхарма, праяшчитта, дхармашастра Ману, дхармашастра Яджнавалкьи, дхармашастра Вишну, achara, vyavahara, radzhadharma, prayascitta, dharmasastra Manu, dharmasastra Yajnavalkya, dharmasastra Vishnu.
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