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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. № 7. Part 2. P. 183-189.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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THE MAIN CONSEQUENCES OF MIGRATION OF THE ADYGHE PEOPLE OF THE NORTHWESTERN AND CENTRAL CAUCASUS

Khachetlova Susanna Mukhamedovna
Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H. M. Berbekov


Abstract. The problems of migratory processes take a prominent place in historical science. Thus the author has described migratory processes that took place within the territory of the Northwestern and Central Caucasus from the end of the XVIII century till the first decade of the XX century, and examined the consequences of the migratory policy of tsarist Russia and the Ottoman Empire for the Adyghe people. The comparative analysis of the conditions of living of mountain ethnoses in the Russian and Ottoman Empires is conducted and the main way of promotion for the mountain-dwellers in the society of these countries is shown.
Key words and phrases: адыги (кабардинцы, черкесы, адыгейцы), миграционная политика, политика царской России, Османская империя, государственная карьера, военная карьера, процесс аккультурации и русификации, the Adyghe people (the Kabardinians, the Circassians and the Adygeis), migratory policy, policy of tsarist Russia, The Ottoman Empire, state career, military career, process of acculturation and Russification.
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