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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. 12. Part 3. P. 114-118.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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IDENTIFYING THE SIGNS OF BONE TOOL WEAR ACCORDING TO TRACE EVIDENCE

Molchanov Ivan Vladimirovich, Andreeva Oksana Sergeevna
Institute of History and Archeology of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Municipal Budgetary Institution of General Education "Secondary Comprehensive School 110" in Trekhgorny


Abstract. The article describes experiments aimed to identify functional load of two bone tool types: punch and the tool made from the cattle rib. During the experiments the researchers produced two punches from long bones of a cow and a pig intended to poke holes in skin and cloth and two trowels from the calf rib, which were used when working with clay and fleshing. The authors conclude that punches were probably used to treat materials of both vegetable and animal origin. The use of cattle ribs appeared to be efficient both for pottery glazing and fleshing.
Key words and phrases: , , , , , Bronze Age, Southern Trans-Urals, bone tools, trasology, experiments.
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