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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. № 3. Part 1. P. 183-187.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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THE BASIC STAGES OF FORMING AND DEVELOPING NEUTRALITY IN THE EUROPEAN SPACE (BY THE EXAMPLE OF SWITZERLAND AND AUSTRIA)

Fokina Svetlana Vasil'evna
Ryazan State University named after S. A. Esenin


Abstract. The article discovers the basic stages of forming and developing neutrality policy in the European region. The author examines the key historical backgrounds conditioning neutrality arrangement from desirable foreign-policy course into a status fixed by international norms and agreements. The paper covers the basic types of neutrality in Europe, in particular armed neutrality, or neutrality in the war period, and permanent neutrality. The researcher analyzes the basic tendencies for neutrality development by the example of Switzerland and Austria.
Key words and phrases: нейтралитет, Швейцария, вооруженный нейтралитет, постоянный нейтралитет, внешнеполитический курс, Австрия, неучастие в военных действиях, международная безопасность, нейтральное государство, neutrality, Switzerland, armed neutrality, permanent neutrality, foreign-policy course, Austria, nonparticipation in military actions, international security, neutral state.
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