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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. № 3. Part 2. P. 78-81.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philosophical Sciences
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SLAVE OR CREATOR OF HISTORY? THEORY OF HISTORICAL PROCESS BY B. N. CHICHERIN

Kiryakin Aleksandr Viktorovich
Tambov State University named after G. R. Derzhavin


Abstract. The article examines the problem of the freedom of a human personality in the historical conception by B. N. Chicherin. According to Chicherin, there is a fundamental contradiction between a man as a free creator of history and historical inevitability. History for Chicherin is a development of the world Spirit (from the philosophical point of view) and the will of Providence (from the religious point of view). A person may act contrary to historical inevitability, but eventually won’t break it, as the laws of spirit, which limit human freedom, are his/her own inner definition. As per Chicherin freedom itself represents a phenomenon of spirit and that’s why acts according to the laws peculiar to it.
Key words and phrases: Б. Н. Чичерин, гегельянство, свобода, аналитические и синтетические периоды истории, триада, тетрада, B. N. Chicherin, Hegelianism, freedom, analytic and synthetic periods of history, triad, tetrad.
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