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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. № 6. Part 1. P. 164-167.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philosophical Sciences
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AUTOBIOGRAPHY IN THE CONTEXT OF INDIVIDUALIZED UNDERSTANDING OF HISTORY

Raikh Kalina Gennad'evna
Far Eastern State Institute of Arts


Abstract. The article examines autobiography in the context of the individualized understanding of history: the neo-Kantians introduce a provision on the originality of history as a specific form of scientific cognition, which is not reduced to natural-scientific cognition. Baden school representatives believed that philosophy should be engaged in the theory of cognition, i.e. to explore the conditions, principles and structure of cognitive activity. The supreme value of history, according to the neo-Kantians, is a free, inimitable individuality. Consequently, the crucial point of historical knowledge is the understanding of an individual historical event in its inimitability, singleness and uniqueness.
Key words and phrases: неокантианцы, баденская школа, номотетический метод, идеографический метод, "возвращение к сознанию", познавательная деятельность, историческое бытие, автобиография, индивидуализирующее понимание истории, neo-Kantians, Baden school, nomothetic method, ideographic method, "return to consciousness", cognitive activity, historical existence, autobiography, individualized understanding of history.
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