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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. № 6. Part 1. P. 210-213.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philosophical Sciences
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"CONTEXT OF DISCOVERY" PROBLEM IN THE LIGHT OF THE LATEST STUDIES IN THE SPHERE OF PSYCHOLOGY OF SCIENCE

Shibarshina Svetlana Viktorovna
Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod


Abstract. The article examines the problem of the rational explanation of "context of discovery" in the light of the achievements of the neuro-scientific and cognitive trends of the psychology of science. The author points out that such researches are aimed to "demystificate" the cognitive processes involved into a new idea generation. The paper analyzes the results of studying the effect of confirmation using neuro-visualization; studying associative memory under the conditions of uncertainty and the role of analogy while generating new hypotheses. The author justifies the necessity to include the interpretations of such research results into the general philosophical analysis of scientific search.
Key words and phrases: гипотеза, новое знание, контекст открытия, эвристические принципы, психология науки, нейронауки, нейровизуализация, эффект подтверждения, ассоциативная память, когнитивные науки, эксперимент in vivo, аналогия, hypothesis, new knowledge, context of discovery, heuristic principles, psychology of science, neuro-sciences, neuro-visualization, effect of confirmation, associative memory, cognitive sciences, in vivo experiment, analogy.
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