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Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. № 10. Part 1. P. 167-170.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philosophical Sciences
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TRANSCENDENTALISM IN THE THEORY OF COGNITION: I. KANT AND NEO-KANTIANISM

Tetyuev Leonid Ivanovich
Saratov State University named after N. G. Chernyshevsky


Abstract. In the article the analysis of the initial foundations of the methodology of the humanities, expressed most fully in the system of substantiating the criteria of scientific character in the philosophy of I. Kant and neo-Kantianism, is presented. I. Kant’s apriorism of knowledge is core of methodological idealism, which is based on the intent of transcendental philosophy. Neo-Kantians expressed the is-ought idea in the theory of cognition by substantiation of two spheres of scientific knowledge - the sciences of the spirit (culture) and the sciences of the nature. The author reveals the peculiarities of idiographic and nomothetic research methods.
Key words and phrases: трансцендентальная философия Канта, предпосылки возможного опыта, априорное знание, аналитические суждения, синтетические высказывания, трансцендентальный метод, I. Kant’s transcendental philosophy, prerequisites of possible experience, a priori knowledge, analytical judgments, synthetic statements, transcendental method.
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