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SOURCE:    Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. № 12. Part 3. P. 109-111.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Historical Sciences and Archeology
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Lipunova Larisa Viktorovna
Novokuznetsk Institute (Branch) of Kemerovo State University

Abstract. The article provides the historical comparative characteristic of the most frequent both in Roman and Russian law forms of contracts: verbal and literal. Stipulation was the most frequent type of oral (verbal) contract in Ancient Rome. The specificity of modern Russian oral contracts includes the possibility for the person to perform implicative actions. The Roman law developed the following forms of written contracts: records in the account book, syngrapha, chirographa. Analyzing different types of transactions the author identifies the conditions of their invalidation.
Key words and phrases: Институции Гая, Гражданский кодекс Российской Федерации, римское право, вербальный контракт, литеральный контракт, стипуляция, обязательство, Institutions of Gaius, Civil Code of the Russian Federation, Roman law, verbal contract, literal contract, stipulation, obligation
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