GRAMOTA Publishers suggests publishing your scientific articles in periodicals
Pedagogy. Theory & PracticePhilology. Theory & PracticeManuscript

Archive of Scientific Articles

SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. 3. Part 1. P. 189-192.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
To Publish Article in the Journal | To show issue content | To show all articles in section | Subject Index

License Agreement on scientific materials use.


Chochiev Georgii Vital'evich
V. I. Abaev North-Ossetian Institute of Humanities and Social Studies of Vladikavkaz Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Government of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania

Abstract. The article examines a special status of the Circassian population of North-Western Anatolia in the first years of civil confrontation between the pro-sultan forces supported by the Entente and the supporters of Turkeys national independence. The author identifies the role of the Circassian factor in formation of the opponents organizational structures and strategies and in evolution of the military and political situation in the region. The paper concludes that the mentioned events influenced negatively ideological and political unity of the Circassian community and its elite.
Key words and phrases: , , , , , , , Anatolia, Entente, sultans government, the Circassians, the Kemalists, counter-revolutionary rebellions, civil confrontation.
Open the whole article in PDF format. Free PDF-files viewer can be downloaded here.


  1. Ak?in S. ?stanbul H?k?metleri ve Milli M?cadele. ?stanbul: ?? Bankas?, 1992. T. 1. 648 s.; T. 2. 558 s.
  2. [Atat?rk M. K.] Atat?rk?n S?ylev ve Deme?leri. ?stanbul: Maarif Matbaas?, 1945. T. 1. 418 s.
  3. Berzeg S. E. T?rkiye Kurtulu? Sava??nda ?erkes G??menleri. ?stanbul: Nart Yay?nlar?, 1990. 99 s.
  4. British Documents on Atat?rk (1919-1938) / ed. by B. N. ?im?ir. Ankara: TTK, 2000. Vol. 1. 502 p.; Vol. 2. 550 p.
  5. ?erkes Ethem. An?lar?m. ?stanbul: Berfin Yay?nlar?, 1994. 150 s.
  6. Halide Edib. The Turkish Ordeal. N. Y. - L.: The Century Co., 1928. 407 r.
  7. ??demir U. Biga Ayaklanmas? ve Anzavur Olaylar?. Ankara: TTK, 1989. 116 s.
  8. K?peli ?. G?nende Milli M?cadele Y?llar?ndaki Faaliyetler // Toplumsal Tarih. 1999. 61. S. 10-21.
  9. Mert ?. Anzavurun ?lk Ayaklanmas?na Ait Belgeler // Belleten. 1992. 217. S. 847-961.
  10. Miralay Bekir Sami G?nsav?n Kurtulu? Sava?? An?lar? / ed. by M. ?nal. ?stanbul: Cem Yay?nlar?, 1994. 494 s.
  11. Sar?han Z. ?erkez Ethemin ?haneti. ?stanbul: Kaynak Yay?nlar?, 1998. 170 s.
  12. Selek S. Anadolu ?htilali. ?stanbul: Burc?ak Yay?nevi, 1968. 736 s.
  13. Sonyel S. R. Kurtulu? Sava?? G?nlerinde ?ngiliz ?stihbarat Servisinin T?rkiyedeki Eylemleri. Ankara: TTK, 1995. 374 s.
  14. ?ener C. ?erkes Ethem Olay?. ?stanbul: Ant Yay?nlar?, 1994. 156 s.
  15. Tunaya T. Z. T?rkiyede Siyasal Partiler. ?stanbul: ?leti?im Yay?nlar?, 2000. T. 3. 792 s.
  16. T?rk ?stiklal Harbi. Ankara: Genelkurmay Bas?mevi, 1974. T. 6. 469 s.
  17. ?nal M. Kurtulu? Sava??nda ?erkeslerin Rol?. ?stanbul: Cem Yay?nlar?, 1996. 256 s.

To Publish Article in the Journal | To show issue content | To show all articles in section | Subject Index

2006-2021 GRAMOTA Publishers

site development and search engine optimization (seo):