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SOURCE:    Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. № 9. P. 218-220.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Philosophical Sciences
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Shtratnikova Alina Viktorovna, Urzhumova Ol'ga Mikhailovna
Krasnodar State Institute of Culture

Abstract. The article examines evolution of methodology of studying culture as a special system in domestic and foreign science. The main historical approaches to understanding culture are indicated, novelty of the problem is in the analysis of the accumulated knowledge in the context of the main theoretical and methodological approaches. Particular attention is paid to the process of transformation of the model of the life cycle of cultural systems from the standpoint of social and cultural dynamics; the theory of formation of the model of the life cycle of the cultural system is supplemented with characterization of complex social processes.
Key words and phrases: культура, социально-культурная система, модель, жизненный цикл, культурология, социология, социальные структуры, трансформация, деградация, culture, sociocultural system, model, life cycle, culturology, sociology, social structures, transformation, degradation
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