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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. № 9. P. 31-34.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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ON PRIMITIVE ZOO- AND PLANTO-CENTRISM OF MAYKOP TRIBES

Bgazhnokov Barasbi Khachimovich
Kabardino-Balkarian Institute of Humanities Researches in Nalchik


Abstract. The article introduces new interpretation of unique artifacts of Maykop culture: dog figures (silver and bronze) discovered at the bedside of a child buried in a two-chamber tomb (tumulus № 31 near Novosvobodnaya stanitsa) and images on silver vessels from Oshad tumulus. Comparing these findings with certain peculiarities of the Circassian lexico-semantic system allows the author to suggest prevalence of primitive zoo- and planto-centrism among Maykop-Novosvobodnaya tribes.
Key words and phrases: Северный Кавказ, ранний бронзовый век, IV тыс. до н.э, майкопская культура, культ собаки, черкесский язык, натуфийцы, культ животных, культ растений, первобытный зооплантоцентризм, North Caucasus, Early Bronze Age, IV millennium B.C, Maykop culture, dog cult, Circassian language, the Natufians, animal cult, plant cult, primitive zoo-planto-centrism.
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