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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2018. № 11. Part 1. P. 26-29.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2018-11-1.5

BREAD SHORTAGE IN THE TOWNS OF YENISEYSK PROVINCE DURING THE WORLD WAR I

Dolidovich Olesya Mikhailovna
Siberian Federal University


Submitted: 25.08.2018.
Abstract. The article deals with the factors that caused bread shortage in the towns of Yeniseysk province during the World War I. Basing on the analysis of archival materials, it is shown that rapid increase in bread prices and reduction of its commodity stocks were conditioned by crop failure in 1915, shortage of workers at peasant farms, widespread speculation of wholesalers and second-hand dealers, underdevelopment of transport communications between the districts, lessening of bread delivery by the railway from Western Siberia, development of secret distillation, and influx of refugees and prisoners of war. Commodity ties between the village and the town were broken down, peasants refrained from selling grain. Since the end of 1915 there was a lack of flour, by the winter of 1916-1917 the situation had worsened considerably.
Key words and phrases: дефицит хлеба, Енисейская губерния, Первая мировая война, продовольственный кризис, спекуляция, bread shortage, Yeniseysk province, The World War I, food crisis, speculation.
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