GRAMOTA Publishers suggests publishing your scientific articles in periodicals
Pan-ArtPedagogy. Theory & PracticePhilology. Theory & PracticeManuscript

Archive of Scientific Articles

SOURCE:    Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2018. № 11. Part 1. P. 38-42.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Historical Sciences and Archeology
Procedure of Scientific Articles Publication | To Show Issue Content | To Show All Articles in Section | Subject Index

License Agreement on scientific materials use.


Klochkov Viktor Viktorovich
Southern Federal University; State Technical University

Submitted: 29.06.2018
Abstract. Basing on the analysis of historiography, the thesis is disputed that the Tory party gained organizational unity only after a series of splits in 1827-1830 caused by granting political rights to dissenters and the Catholics’ emancipation. The author emphasizes that this was preceded by a long period of consolidation of the Tories (1760-1832), which was accompanied by the birth of their ideology and political identity. The paper shows that in the modern British historiography, more and more supporters have a view, according to which the split of 1832 was caused, first of all, by constitutional changes, and only then by the Tory party problems themselves.
Key words and phrases: Великобритания "долгого XVIII века", конституционное и политическое устройство, партия тори, историография британской партийно-политической системы, "конституционная революция", Great Britain of the "long XVIII century", constitutional and political order, the Tory party, historiography of the British party-political system, "constitutional revolution"
Open the whole article in PDF format. Free PDF-files viewer can be downloaded here.
  1. Aspinall A. English Party Organization in the Early Nineteenth Century // English Historical Review. 1926. Vol. 41. R. 389-411.
  2. Aston N. Horne and Heterodoxy: the Defense of Anglican Beliefs in the Late Enlightenment // English Historical Review. 1993. Vol. 108. № 429. R. 895-919.
  3. Beales D. Parliamentary Parties and the Independent Member, 1810-1860 // Ideas and Institutions of Victorian Britain / ed. by R. Robson. L., 1967. R. 1-19.
  4. Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine. 1830. Vol. 28. № 174.
  5. Bradley J. The Anglican Pulpit: The Social Order, and the Resurgence of Toryism during the American Revolution // Albion. 1989. Vol. 21. № 3. R. 361-388.
  6. Brock W. R. Lord Liverpool and Liberal Toryism. L., 1967. 310 p.
  7. Christie I. R. Party and Politics in the Age of Lord North’s Administration // Parliamentary History. 1987. № 6. R. 47-68.
  8. Claeys G. The French Revolution Debate in Britain: The Origins of Modern Politics. Basingstoke, 2007. 256 p.
  9. Clark J. C. D. A General Theory of Party, Opposition and Government, 1688-1832 // Historical Journal. 1980. Vol. 23. № 2. R. 295-325.
  10. Clark J. C. D. English Society 1660-1832: Ideology, Social Structure and Political Practice during the Ancient Regime. Cambridge, 2000. 439 p.
  11. Colley L. In Defiance of Oligarchy: The Tory Party 1714-1760. Cambridge, 1982. 383 p.
  12. Cookson J. E. Lord Liverpool’s Administration: The Crucial Years, 1815-1822. Hamden: Archon Books, 1975. 422 p.
  13. Cookson J. E. The Friends of Peace: Anti-War Liberalism in England, 1793-1815. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982. 330 p.
  14. Feiling K. The Second Tory Party, 1714-1832. L., 1932. 524 p.
  15. Fetter F. Economic Controversy in the British Reviews, 1802-1850 // Economica. New Series. 1965. Vol. 32. R. 424-437.
  16. Gambles A. Protection and Politics: Conservative Economic Discourse, 1815-1852. N. Y.: The Boydell Press, 1999. 291 p.
  17. Gascoigne J. The Unity of Church and State Challenged: Responses to Hooker from the Restoration to the Nineteenth-Century Age of Reform // Journal of Religious History. 1997. Vol. 21. R. 60-79.
  18. Gunn J. A. W. Beyond Liberty and Property: The Process of Self-Recognition in Eighteenth-Century Political Thought. Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1983. 330 p.
  19. Harvey A. D. Britain in the Early Nineteenth Century. L., 1978. 395 p.
  20. Hilton B. A Mad, Bad and Dangerous People? England 1783-1846. Oxford, 2006. 757 p.
  21. Hole R. Pulpits, Politics and Public Order in England, 1762-1832. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. 326 p.
  22. Innes J. Jonathan Clark, Social History and England’s "Ancient Regime" // Past and Present. 1987. Vol. 115. R. 236-253.
  23. Langford P. Old Whigs, Old Tories and the American Revolution // The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History. 1980. Vol. 8. № 2. R. 106-130.
  24. Lee S. George Canning and Liberal Toryism. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2008. 211 p.
  25. Nockles P. Church and parties in the Pre-Tractarian Church of England 1750-1833 // The Church of England, 1689-1833: From toleration to Tractarianism / ed. by J. Walsh, C. Haydon, S. Taylor. Cambridge, 1993. R. 334-359.
  26. Nockles P. The Oxford Movement in Context: Anglican High Churchmanship 1760-1857. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 342 p.
  27. O’Gorman F. The Emergence of the British Two Party System, 1760-1832. L., 1982. 132 p.
  28. O’Gorman F., Fraser P. Party Politics in the Early Nineteenth Century // English Historical Review. 1987. Vol. 102. № 402. R. 63-88.
  29. Pares R. King George III and the Politicians. Oxford, 1988. 224 p.
  30. Sack J. From Jacobite to Conservative: Reaction and Orthodoxy in Britain, 1760-1832. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. 292 p.
  31. Semmel B. The Rise of Free Trade Imperialism: Classical Political Economy: The Empire of Free Trade and Imperialism, 1750-1850. L., 1970. 264 p.
  32. Simes D. G. S. A Long and Difficult Association: The Ultra Tories and the Great Apostate // Wellington Studies / ed. by C. M. Woolgar. Southampton, 1999. Vol. I. R. 35-87.
  33. Simes D. G. S. The Champions of the Protestant Cause Will Not Lightly Abandon It // Wellington Studies / ed. by C. M. Woolgar. Southampton, 2008. Vol. IV. R. 299-322.
  34. Wilkinson D. The Duke of Portland: Politics and Party in the Age of George III. Basingstoke, 2003. 197 p.

Procedure of Scientific Articles Publication | To Show Issue Content | To Show All Articles in Section | Subject Index

© 2006-2024 GRAMOTA Publishers

site development and search engine optimization (seo):