ERASTIAN PARADIGM OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND AND ITS REPRESENTATION IN THE CHURCH ARCHITECTURE OF THE FIRST THIRD OF THE XIX CENTURY
Stetskevich Mikhail Stanislavovich, Chumakova Tat'yana Vitautasovna Saint Petersburg University
Abstract. According to the authors, the term "Erastianism" presupposes not only the state control over the church but ecclesiastical apologetics of the existing authorities and social structure. The article is devoted to the poorly studied issue of how the Erastian paradigm, which dominated in the Church of England at the end of the XVIII - in the first third of the XIX century, was represented in church construction and architecture. The authors conclude that the Parliament’s allocation of 1 million pounds for church construction in 1818 was aimed to provide the rapidly growing population with the opportunity to hear the sermons that were to a large extent focused on the necessity to subordinate to the authorities. Such a utilitarian approach together with the tendency to economize finances resulted in the construction of churches lacking any architectural merits.
Key words and phrases: эрастианизм, Церковь Англии, храмовая архитектура, Оксфордское движение, Кембриджское архитектурное общество, Erastianism, Church of England, church architecture, Oxford Movement, Cambridge Architectural Society.
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