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SOURCE:    Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2018. № 5. P. 65-68.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Philosophical Sciences
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2018-5.14

CONCEPTION OF EXISTENTIALS IN MARTIN HEIDEGGER’S FUNDAMENTAL ONTOLOGY

Burkhanov Rafael' Airatovich, Nikulina Ol'ga Vyacheslavovna
Surgut State University


Submitted: 13.01.2018
Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of the conception of existentials in Martin Heidegger’s fundamental ontology. It is shown that the philosopher studied this topic in the book "Being and Time" and in the works adjoining it, in his "late" works he did not deal with the systematic development of the doctrine of existentials. The authors note that the subject of the study of "early" Heidegger is human being expressed as Dasein. This is an existential matrix, which ontologically positions all other existentials as its possible predicates. The study emphasizes that the fundamental existential uniting all the modes of human being is "care", and the original existential is "being-in-the-world" in the main treatise of the German thinker.
Key words and phrases: Хайдеггер, бытие, человек, Dasein, сущее, существование, экзистенция, экзистенциал, временность, историчность, бытие-в-мире, бытие-с-другими, открытость, расположенность, понимание, речь, язык, страх, совесть, бытие-к-смерти, забота, Heidegger, being, human, Dasein, things in existence, living, existence, existential, temporality, historicity, being-in-the-world, being-with-others, openness, inclination, understanding, speech, language, fear, conscience, being-towards-death, care
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