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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2019. № 11. P. 63-67.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2019.11.12

ROLE OF ACADEMIC GYMNASIUM AND MOSCOW UNIVERSITY IN REPRODUCTION OF THE RUSSIAN ELITE OF THE XVIII CENTURY (BY THE EXAMPLE OF 1755-1765 ACADEMIC YEARS)

Feofanov Aleksandr Mikhailovich
St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University


Submitted: 19.08.2019.
Abstract. By the example of career and educational trajectories of the Academic Gymnasium graduates and Moscow University students, the article examines education as a social lift. The paper identifies to what extent the Gymnasium graduates replenished the intellectual elite of the Russian Empire. The author concludes that 5-8% of the Gymnasium graduates achieved the first five ranks; one third of the Gymnasium graduates, who achieved the first three ranks, were children of generals with the same rank; among generals of the first three ranks, Moscow University graduates were five times more frequent than the Academic Gymnasium graduates.
Key words and phrases: Московский университет, элита, генералитет, шляхетство, карьерные механизмы, социальная мобильность, гимназия Академии наук, Moscow University, elite, generals, szlachta, career mechanisms, social mobility, Academic Gymnasium.
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