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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2019. № 12. P. 70-74.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2019.12.12

"A FAREWELL TO FARMS": TRANSFORMATION OF VALUE ORIENTATIONS OF THE RURAL YOUTH OF THE BURYAT-MONGOLIAN ASSR UNDER CONDITIONS OF MODERNIZATION (THE 1920-1930S)

Soboleva Anastasiya Nikolaevna, Khomyakov Sergei Vasil'evich
Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Submitted: 23.10.2019.
Abstract. The article reveals the causes and motives, which induced a considerable part of the rural youth of the Buryat-Mongolian ASSR to move from the countryside to the city in the 1920-1930s. The paper shows changes of the young countrymen’s value orientations that occurred under the influence of Communist propaganda, which sought to intrude the idea of backwardness of the peasantry and the leading role of the working class into public consciousness. At the same time, the actual potential of migration was considerably restricted. In this connection, the paper tackles a burning problem that is still relevant nowadays - social adaptation of young countrymen in a city.
Key words and phrases: сельская молодежь, крестьяне, "раскрестьянивание", коллективизация, село - город, миграция в город, социальная мобильность, модернизация, рабочий класс, индустриализация, rural youth, peasants, disintegration of peasant class, collectivization, countryside - city, migration to city, social mobility, modernization, working class, industrialization.
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