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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2019. № 12. P. 54-61.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2019.12.9

THEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENTS AT UNIVERSITIES OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE. SOCIO-CULTURAL CONTEXT

Krylov Aleksei Olegovich
Bauman Moscow State Technical University; St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University, Moscow


Submitted: 27.10.2019.
Abstract. The article examines how socio-cultural processes affecting the Russian educated elite in the XVIII-XIX centuries influenced the teaching of Orthodox theology at the Russian universities. If in the XVIII century theological education was considered as a component of the clergyman’s training then in the XIX century universities established special theological departments aimed to serve as a link between academic corporation and clerical education. Scientific level of university theological departments grew over the XIX century, but sociocultural barrier that had existed between the nobility and the clergy from the end of the XVIII century remained a significant problem.
Key words and phrases: богословские кафедры, университеты Российской империи, русское богословие, социальная история Российской империи, история университетов, theological departments, universities of the Russian Empire, Russian theology, social history of the Russian Empire, history of universities.
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