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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2019. № 5. P. 99-102.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philosophical Sciences
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2019.5.21

ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT IN THE MIDDLE AGES

Matakov Konstantin Anatol'evich
Bryansk State Academician I. G. Petrovski University


Submitted: 03.03.2019.
Abstract. The article describes the development of ontological evidence for the God existence in the history of philosophical thought. The study covers the period from early medieval theology represented by Saint Augustine of Hippo to late medieval scholasticism represented by Thomas Aquinas. The author analyses arguments "for" and "against" ontological evidence and concludes that this evidence hasn’t ever achieved its purpose regarding the defence of properly Christian understanding of the God, because it was only "truth of mind" and, consequently, defended only the existence of the abstract absolute being.
Key words and phrases: онтология, гносеология, схоластика, Средневековье, богословие, христианство, ontology, gnoseology, scholasticism, The Middle Ages, theology, Christianity.
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