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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2020. № 11. P. 67-71.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/mns200513

Soviet Legislation on Religion in the Context of State-Church Relations (1917-1943)

Tabunshchikova Lyudmila Viktorovna
Southern Federal University


Submitted: 27.09.2020.
Abstract. Relying on an analysis of the Soviet legislation on religion, the paper traces evolution of state-church relations in 1917-1943. The author proposes a periodization of the Soviet policy towards religion, describes its stages. The basic legal acts of the Soviet power are analysed, special attention is paid to the Decree on Separation of the Church from the State (1918) and resolution of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and the Council of People’s Commissars of the RSFSR of April, 8, 1929, which became a landmark in development of state-church relations. Scientific originality of the study involves a comprehensive analysis of the normative-legal base of the Soviet state in the mentioned period. The research findings are as follows: the author proves that in the period under discussion, forms and methods of struggle against religion varied, but the main objective - complete eradication of religion - was not achieved.
Key words and phrases: Русская православная церковь, советское законодательство, периодизация церковно-государственных отношений, Russian Orthodox Church, Soviet legislation, periodization of state-church relations.
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