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SOURCE:    Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2013. № 2. P. 20-23.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Philological Sciences
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Alieva Zemfira Musa kyzy
Institute of Linguistics named after Nasimi of Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences

Abstract. The author discusses the derivational problems of nouns and adjectives in the Turkic languages. Word formation as the special branch of linguistics was formed in the 40-50s of the XX th century. Two main features distinguish the researches on Turkish nominal word formation: a lot of attention to the semantics of word-formative forms; the consideration of word-formation in connection with the doctrine of the parts of speech. In ancient word-formation these meanings ?? almost always co-exist in the name, which is able to transfer both the meaning of the noun and the adjective. In modern productive word-formation the meaning of the subject and the attribute in the majority of cases are separated, because the former is expressed only by the noun, the latter – by the adjective.
Key words and phrases: деривационные проблемы, диахронический подход, синхронический подход, производящая основа, производная основа, именное словообразование, derivational problems, diachronic approach, synchronic approach, producing stem, derivative stem, nominal word-formati
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