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SOURCE:   Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2014. № 9. Part 1. P. 159-162.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL NATURE OF A LANGUAGE IN THE THEORIES OF THE LINGUISTS OF THE XIX-XX CENTURIES

Samarin Dmitrii Aleksandrovich
Baikal State University of Economics and Law (Branch) in Yakutsk


Abstract. The article analyzes the views of the foreign and domestic scientists-linguists on the social and psychological aspects of a language in the XIX-XX centuries. The paper focuses on developing the understanding of psychologism and a critical attitude to it. The author reveals the influence of German linguists on the formation of psychological ideas in the Russian linguistics, justifies a major role of the Kazan Linguistic School in the investigation of a language from the social viewpoint. Method of experiment is reasonably adopted as the most effective technique while conducting the socio-psychological investigations of a language.
Key words and phrases: язык, апперцепция, психологизм, социолингвистика, синхрония, диахрония, субъективный метод, эксперимент, language, apperception, psychologism, sociolinguistics, synchrony, diachrony, subjective method, experiment.
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