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SOURCE:   Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. № 2. Part 2. P. 72-78.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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AREAS OF SUBSTRATUM TOPONYMY IN THE RYAZAN REGION: NAMES ENDING IN -УС, -ОС, -ИС, -ЕС, -АС(-ЯС)

Gordova Yuliana Yur'evna
Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Abstract. The article examines the five types of substratum (pre-Slavonic) toponyms of the Ryazan region: with the formants -ус, -ос, -ис, -ес, -ас(-яс). Each area is represented on a special map. Linguistic data are compared with the archeological data on the basis of which the author proposes a hypothesis on the ethnic affiliation and time of origin of the mentioned types. In particular, the areas of -ус toponymy in the region from Kishnya up to Pra River and in the Pra River basin are associated with the Baltic population of the Middle Oka region of the I millennium A.D. or their Bronze Epoch ancestors who developed the corded pottery cultures. Formation of the areas of -ас(-яс) toponymy in the central, eastern and south-eastern areas of the Middle Oka region is referred to the second half of the I millennium A.D. and associated with the dialect subgroups of a single ethnic group (supposedly Mordvinians).
Key words and phrases: топонимика, топонимический тип, топонимический ареал, субстратная топонимия, происхождение географических названий, сопоставление топонимических и археологических данных, toponymy, toponymical type, toponymical area, substratum toponymy, origin of geographic names, comparison of toponymical and archeological data.
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