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SOURCE:    Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. № 12. Part 1. P. 104-106.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Philological Sciences
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Kalgina Ekaterina Aleksandrovna
Military Educational and Scientific Centre of the Air Force "N. E. Zhukovsky and Yu. A. Gagarin Air Force Academy (Voronezh)

Abstract. The article analyses the problems of standardization of the Scottish language. It is assumed that the Scottish language belongs to a number of languages that are subject to standardization and normalization. Early standardization was impossible because the political and cultural status of the Scottish language was lower than English. The paper shows that the Scottish intellectuals began to standardize language in the ХХ century. The author analyses the academic impact of Adam Jack Aitken, the leading Scottish linguist of the century. It is believed that his activity allowed for the formation of a set of criteria to standardize the language.
Key words and phrases: шотландский язык, история языка, диалект, стандартизация, нормализация, Адам Джэк Эйткен, языковой национализм, языковое строительство, словари, Scots, history of language, dialect, standardization, normalization, Adam Jack Aitken, linguistic nationalism, language construction, dictionaries
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