NIZAM AL-MULK’S WORK "SIYASAT-NAMA" IN THE CONTEXT OF PERSIAN LITERARY CRITICISM IN THE 1960-1990S
Alieva Sakina AliAga kyzy Baku State University
Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the work "Siyasat-nama" written by Nizam al-Mulk, a diplomat, a vizier, who played an important role in the expansion and consolidation of the Seljuq state in the XI century. This work, which contains extensive historical and linguocultural material, is one of the valuable sources for studying the history of the state administration of the Seljuq dynasty of the XI century, the economic situation of the country, the power of the army, and the culture. In the article the comparison between the work "Siyasat-nama" and the dastans, written before and after it, is made. On the basis of the comparative analysis of "Qabus-nama" and "Siyasat-nama" the similarities and differences are revealed and explained in the corresponding tables. The author also makes the historical excursuses, and gives the review of scientific conceptions and views of various scientists on the problem under consideration. The research conducted on the basis of the concrete historical facts confirms the hypothesis that Nizam al-Mulk used "Qabus-nama" as a source for his work.
Key words and phrases: династия Сельджукидов, дастан, воскрешение Маздака, восточные и западные учёные, интересные суждения, сравнительный анализ, сторонники нового верования, движение маздакидов, "Сиасет-намэ", Низам аль-Мульк, the Seljuq dynasty, dastan, resurrection of Mazdak, Eastern and Western scientists, interesting judgments, comparative analysis, adherents of the new belief, the Mazdakit movement, "Siyasat-nama", Nizam al-Mulk.
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Firdousi A. Shakhname: v 2-kh t. M.: Khud. lit., 1964. T. 2. 741 s.