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SOURCE:    Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2019. № 6. P. 207-210.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Philological Sciences
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Bocharova Alevtina Vasil'evna, Shatilova Lyubov' Mikhailovna
Moscow City University

Submitted: 22.04.2019
Abstract. The article provides a comparative analysis of the nuclear lexemes of the concept AIR/ВОЗДУХ in the Russian and French languages. Similarities and differences between the French and Russian lexemes are identified. The findings allow the authors to conclude that the semantic filling of the lexemes "воздух" and "air"" coincides in almost all their meanings: "mixture of gases forming the Earth’s atmosphere", "inspiratory environment of living beings", "free space over the Earth", "environment". The distinctive feature of the nuclear lexeme "воздух" in the Russian language is the meaning "veil covering the Eucharistic cup". In the French language, the nuclear lexeme "air" is distinguished by the meaning "gas motion".
Key words and phrases: концепт, ядерная лексема, семантика, дериват, периферия, concept, nuclear lexeme, semantics, derivative, periphery
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