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SOURCE:    Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2014. № 4. Part 2. P. 86-88.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Historical Sciences and Archeology
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Karanaev Mikhail Nikolaevich
Kazan Federal University

Abstract. In the article the author refers to the problem of relationships building between the state of the Hasmoneans and the Nabataean Kingdom that up to the 90s of the I century BC had been passing the way of constructive cooperation, but starting from the reign of the Judaic king Alexander Jannaeus changed significantly in cooling direction and then transformed into military confrontation. The key motive, which determined the beginning of the conflict, was the wish of the Jews to independently control trade routes from the Arabic East to the Mediterranean. Archaeological survey in Khorvat Maagura fortress not only served as the confirmation of this position but also proved the extension of Judaea borders to the South that happened as the result of the Jews’ wish to control not only Gaza town, which was the main trade "window" within the Eastern Mediterranean, but the whole famous "Incense Route".
Key words and phrases: Иудея, государство Хасмонеев, Набатея, Александр Яннай, "путь благовоний", крепость, торговля, Judaea, state of the Hasmoneans, the Nabataean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus, "Incense Route", fortress, trade
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