SIGNIFICANCE OF FOSTERAGE FOR MOUNTAIN PEOPLE IN NORTHERN CAUCASIA
Khachetlova Susanna Mukhamedovna Kabardino-Balkaria State University named after H. M. Berbekov
Abstract. The institution of upbringing, i.e. the custom of children’s upbringing outside native family, was widely spread in pre-class and early-class societies. One of its forms was the Caucasian fosterage that existed for centuries. In this context, the author analyzes, what goals were pursued by parents, who gave the child for upbringing in someone else’s family, and what goals were pursued by the atalyk, who took the child in foster care. The article, by specific historical material, shows fosterage ties between the peoples of Caucasia, which contributed to the cessation of hostilities and the establishment of feudal unions.
Key words and phrases: аталычество, аталык, кровное родство, покровительство, воспитанник, социально-бытовые цели, адыгская знать, примирения и сближения горских народов, примирение кровников, fosterage, atalyk, consanguinity, protection, foster child, social and domestic goals, the Adyghe nobility, reconciliation and rapprochement of mountain peoples, reconciliation of blood feuds.
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