IDEA OF SOVEREIGNTY IN POLITICAL THEORY BY JAMES TYRRELL (1642-1718)
Zhuravlev Aleksandr Viktorovich Novosibirsk State University
Abstract. The article deals with interpretation of the concept of sovereignty by the English thinker and ideologist of the Whig party James Tyrrell (1642-1718). Development of the idea of sovereignty was conducted by Tyrrell in the context of political and ideological struggle between political groups of the Tories and the Whigs in England during the exclusion crisis. Interpretation of sovereignty, proposed by Tyrrell, allowed the Whigs to refute the theory of divine origin of power taken by the Tory ideologists and justifying limitations of the monarch’s power.
Key words and phrases: ñóâåðåíèòåò, òîðè, âèãè, Äæåéìñ Òèððåëë, Ðîáåðò Ôèëìåð, sovereignty, Tories, Whigs, James Tyrrell, Robert Filmer.
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