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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2020. 1. P. 42-49.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2020.1.8

Combatants Health Destruction under the Influence of the "Long War" of 1914-1922

Razin'kov Mikhail Egorovich, Morozova Ol'ga Mikhailovna, Posadskii Anton Viktorovich
Voronezh State University of Forestry and Technologies named after G. F. Morozov

Don State Technical University

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration; Povolzhsky Institute of Management named after P. A.
Submitted: 29.10.2019.
Abstract. The article examines the factors, which negatively influenced combatants physical and psychic health (vitality) during the First World War and the Civil War, the emphasis is made on the military mens physical health. Provided statistical data are mainly acquired when analysing archival sources and have not been previously published. Epidemiology of typhus, syphilis, alcoholism, drug addiction is described; the military mens personal health (including chronic diseases) is examined relying on medical data on the Red Army and the White Army officers, in particular, political department officers of the 8th and 9th Red Army regiments. The paper shows degradation of the combatants medical support systems in 1914-1922, describes long-term consequences of injuries and stresses. The authors doubt reliability of recent statistical data on syphilis incidence among the military men emphasizing the fact that available data were merely copied from reports of physicians-liberals of the beginning of the XX century. The researchers conclude on the lack of statistical analysis concerning the spread of infectious diseases, alcoholism and drug addiction among the military men.
Key words and phrases: , , , , , , , , , , , The First World War, The Civil War in Russia, vitality, combatants, syphilis, typhus, tuberculosis, chronic diseases, psychic diseases, army medical support, unreliability of statistical data on syphilis incidence.
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