Abstract. The study aims to build a philosophical model showing historical dynamics of relationship between consciousness structures and personality structure. The work contrasted ideas of the European metaphysics of the XIX-XX centuries, data of the Russian and foreign consciousness theories, psycho-philosophical elements of the personality structure concept. The study is novel in that this is practically the first time when stating the issue in such a way has allowed the researcher to identify the most significant factors hampering formation of a system of the man’s existential meanings and influencing such social institutions as law, education and religion. A model, built as a result of the research, gives an opportunity to interpret the notion of "spiritual freedom" in the context of the "designative" concept of the system of personal meanings.
Key words and phrases: сознание, структура личности, трансцендентальное условие сознания, система личностных смыслов, духовная свобода, consciousness, personality structure, transcendental condition of consciousness, system of personal meanings, spiritual freedom