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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2020. 7. P. 59-63.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2020.7.11

Mari "Shamanism": Problems of Definition

Saberov Rushan Anvyarovich
Minin Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University


Submitted: 11.05.2020.
Abstract. The study aims to determine whether the definitions "shaman", "shamanism" can be applied to the priestly tradition of the Mari autochthonous religion. The article examines particularities of the activity undertaken by certain categories of "the wise" and the immediate leaders conducting pagan worship services (the "kart" or "onaeng" priests) from the perspective of the "shamanism" phenomenon. The research is novel in that it attempts to carry out a comparative retrospective analysis of the considered issue using the data collected by the author in the field. As a result of the study, it has been determined that it is not possible to use the term "shaman" to refer to the priests of the Mari traditional religion due to the lack of the elements relating to shaman practices in their ritual activity both in the past and at present.
Key words and phrases: , , , , , , the Mari, paganism, ethnic religion, priest, shaman, wise man.
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