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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2021. 1. P. 148-152.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philosophical Sciences
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Modern Materialistic Theories of the Subject - between Louis Althusser and Jacques Lacan

Livadnov Georgii Sergeevich
Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin

Submitted: 01.12.2020.
Abstract. Basing on an analysis of L. Althussers and J. Lacans theoretical heritage, the study aims to identify the main approaches to the issue of subjectivity on the philosophical scene of the middle of the XX - early XXI century. The article contrasts two ethical models of understanding the subject: Althussers "ethics of alienation" and Lacans "ethics of separation". The first model represents a scientific field outlined by Marxist socio-political studies (Louis Althussers "theoretical anti-humanism"), while the second one represents a field of psychoanalytical knowledge (Jacques Lacans rethinking of Sigmund Freuds theory foundations). Scientific novelty of the research lies in the fact that both the models are being analysed in reliance on the following criterion: the ethical position that the subject itself takes in them. As a result, it is revealed which of the two models presents itself as the most operational within the framework of modern philosophy.
Key words and phrases: , , , " ", post-Marxism, theory of subject, psychoanalysis, "ethics of separation".
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